Abstract：Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease is a cardiovascular disease that has a very serious hazard to human health, and it
has long ranked first in the cause of disease death among Chinese residents. The use of multilayer spiral CT angiography (CTA)
to evaluate coronary atherosclerosis heart disease is currently the most commonly used screening tool. Based on CTA, in addition
to the study of the morphological changes in the coronary arteries themselves, the research of surrounding vascular structures
has recently increased, especially the combination of artificial intelligence and imaging has made the research of coronary
atherosclerosis heart disease more intelligent and effective, and has made great progress in functional evaluation. This article aims
to describe the new research of coronary atherosclerotic heart disease CTA and the application progress of artificial intelligence in
coronary atherosclerosis in recent years.